IS-2 Scholar, Kristen Nwanyanwu, MD, MBA, MHS, (2021 Cohort) was first author of the recently published work in American Journal of Preventive Medicine – Awareness of Diabetic Retinopathy: Insight From the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.
This study determines the prevalence and associated correlates of people unaware of their diabetic retinopathy diagnosis in the U.S.
Participants unaware of diabetic retinopathy from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2005 to 2008 were identified. The prevalence of those unaware of their diabetic retinopathy diagnosis was determined. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression were used to determine correlates associated with being unaware of one’s diabetic retinopathy diagnosis (completed in 2018‒2020).
Among 5,563 participants aged ≥40 years who underwent fundus photography, the prevalence of those unaware of their diabetic retinopathy diagnosis was 10.6% (9.8 million). This included 23.1% of those with self-reported diabetes (2.9 million) and 6.8% of those who reported not having diabetes (6.9 million). Among participants reporting diabetes with photographic evidence of retinopathy, 70.1% were unaware. Among individuals with self-reported diabetes, correlates of being unaware of one’s diabetic retinopathy diagnosis included diabetes diaganosis for ≥10 years (OR=3.15, 95% CI=1.78, 5.56), HbA1c ≥6.5% (OR=2.92, 95% CI=1.65, 5.18), and treatment with insulin only (OR=4.04, 95% CI=1.43, 11.39). Self-reported hypertension was associated with decreased odds of undiagnosed diabetic retinopathy (OR=0.48, 95% CI=0.28, 0.82). Among those without self-reported diabetes, correlates of being unaware of diabetic retinopathy included older age (OR=1.02, 95% CI=1.01, 1.04), male sex (OR=1.83, 95% CI=1.31, 2.56), Black race (OR=1.81, 95% CI=1.12, 2.92), Hispanic race/ethnicity (OR=1.60, 95% CI=1.14, 2.25), elevated blood pressure (OR=1.54, 95% CI=1.23, 1.93), current smoking (OR=1.74, 95% CI=1.21, 2.51), and history of stroke (OR=2.20, 95% CI=1.06, 4.58).
A substantial proportion of individuals with diabetic retinopathy are unaware of the diagnosis. These data provide a path toward refining efforts to diagnose and treat diabetic retinopathy to decrease the burden of preventable blindness.
Read the article at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2021.05.018